Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How do I treat a low blood sugar?
A: If your blood sugar is between 50-69 mg/dl, take the amount of food listed below. If your blood sugar is less than 50 mg/dl, take twice the amount listed.
After 15 minutes, check your blood sugar again to make sure that itís no longer too low. If itís still low, have another snack and recheck your blood sugar in 15 minutes. Once your blood sugar is stable, if it will be at least an hour before your next meal, have a snack.Q: How can I prevent amputations?
A: Evidence shows that long-term complications of diabetes, such as amputations, can be delayed or prevented with improved blood sugar control. You are giving yourself the best chance for good health by keeping your blood glucose near the normal range. Some of the problems are reversible or their progress can be slowed, if they are found and treated early. Regular examinations are needed.
Q: Do I have to take insulin shots to control my diabetes?
A: Not necessarily. Your treatment is based on what your body needs. Some people need to take medication right away. Others start treatment with a food plan and activity alone. Below are the diabetes treatment options.
Over time, medications may be added or changed in your treatment plan. Diabetes medications include diabetes pills and insulin injections. Both can help lower blood glucose levels.
Q: Should I soak my feet?
A: NO. Do not soak your feet, because soaking will dry your skin. Wash your feet daily in warm water. Before you put your feet into the water, test the temperature with your wrist or elbow to prevent burning your feet. Use a mild soap and rinse well. Gently dry your feet with a soft towel, making sure to dry between the toes. Cracks in the skin are places where infection can enter. To soften dry feet and keep the skin from cracking, use a mild cream or lotion, except between your toes where athletes foot often occurs. If your feet sweat a lot, lightly dust with foot powder. Wear socks that are mostly cotton and change them if they become damp.
Q: Do I have to give up my favorite foods?
A: You donít have to give up all the foods you like, but you do need to follow some guidelines. Eating right helps keep your blood sugar within your target range and helps you maintain a healthy weight. A dietitian can help you make a meal plan that fits your needs. Your meal plan tells you when to eat your meals and snacks, what kinds of foods to eat, and how much food to eat.